12 Principles Of Animation By Frank Thomas & Ollie Johnston

The 12 principles of animation by Frank Thomas & Ollie Johnston

The list of 12 animation principles with a video below:

1. Squash & Stretch
- keep the volume
- emphasis the mass & speed
- emphasis reaction
- Do not overdo the squash and stretch

2. Anticipation
- prepare for the action
- realistic
- give clue for prediction
- feeling interactive & energetic
- make the action noticeable

3. staging
- control the focus of the audience and camera
- proper timing

4. straight ahead and pose to pose
- two drawing technique

5. follow through & overlapping action

6. slow in & slow out to achieve realistic motion

7. arcs (cirular paths)

8. secondary action

9. timing
- standard frame rate for animation is 24 fps

10. exaggeration
wild -> wilder
sad -> sader
for more convincing actions

11. solid drawing : spatial drawing & curvy lines

12. appeal
pleasing to look at, dynamic design

The video made by Alan Becker to illustrate those 12 animation principles:


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